Smart Farming in India: Revolutionising Agriculture with Technology

05 Aug 2023
Smart Farming in India: Revolutionising Agriculture with Technology Article
Smart farming in India encompasses various technologies and practices tailored to the specific needs and conditions of the agricultural sector. It seeks to address the challenges faced by Indian farmers and improve overall agricultural outcomes.

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Smart farming is a farming system that uses advanced technologies to optimise crop production, reduce waste, and increase efficiency. With the world's population on the rise, smart farming is becoming increasingly essential to meet the growing demand for food. This blog will discuss the various technologies transforming agriculture and making it smarter.

What is Smart Farming?

Smart farming refers to integrating modern technologies and data-driven approaches into traditional agricultural practices.

It leverages sensors, Internet of Things (IoT) devices, artificial intelligence (AI), drones, and other cutting-edge technologies to collect and analyse farm data.

The collected farm data, in turn, enables farmers to make informed decisions and improve the agriculture process and efficiency of their operations. 

Need for Smart Farming in India

India needs smart agriculture for several reasons and challenges its agricultural sector faces. Here are some key reasons why smart farming in India is crucial:

  • Smart agriculture techniques such as drip irrigation, soil moisture sensors, and precision irrigation systems can help address the water scarcity problem in low rainfall areas of India.
  • The smart agriculture system can help optimise productivity and improve resource management to meet the growing food demands of the ever-increasing population in India.
  • The smart agriculture system allows farmers to optimise the use of inputs such as fertilisers and pesticides, thus reducing cost and improving profitability.
  • Smart farming is the future of agriculture that enables precision agriculture, allowing farmers to utilise scarce land efficiently and make optimal use of resources.
  • Advanced farming tools like weather monitoring systems provide real-time weather data. This, in tun, enables farmers to make informed decisions to mitigate risks and improve crop management.

Components of Smart Farming

Components of Smart Farming

Smart farming is the future of agriculture as it has the potential to revolutionise farming. Some key components of smart farming include:

Internet of Things (IoT)

The IoT involves a network of devices connected to the Internet to communicate among themselves. In smart farming, IoT devices such as sensors, drones, and robots are used to collect data on soil moisture, temperature, humidity, and other environmental factors.

The data collected is used to analyse to optimise crop production and reduce waste. For instance, IoT sensors can detect when a plant needs watering and automatically turn on the irrigation system.


Robotics involves deployment of robots for a variety of farm tasks, such as planting, weeding, and harvesting crops.

They can work 24/7 and do not require breaks or rest, which can increase efficiency and reduce labour costs.

Remote Sensing & Imaging

Remote sensing technologies, including satellite imagery and drones, are used for monitoring and surveillance purposes.

The remote sensing tools provide high-resolution images, allowing farmers to detect crop stress, identify nutrient deficiencies, and monitor large areas of farmland for effective decision-making.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

AI algorithms analyse large amounts of data collected by IoT devices and provide insights on crop health, pest infestations, and weather patterns.

They assist farmers in making informed decisions on when to plant, fertilise, and harvest crops.

In addition, AI helps develop predictive models that can forecast crop yields and assist farmers in managing their resources more efficiently.

Solar-Powered Solutions

Given India's abundant sunlight, solar-powered solutions are gaining popularity in smart farming.

Solar energy is used to power irrigation systems, water pumps, and other farm equipment, reducing dependency on fossil fuels and lowering operational costs.

Mobile & Digital Applications

Mobile apps and digital platforms are being developed to facilitate farmer engagement, access to information, and market connectivity.

These applications provide real-time weather updates, market prices, and crop advisory services, enabling farmers to connect with buyers and suppliers.

Benefits of Smart Farming

  • Smart irrigation systems ensure water is delivered precisely when and where it is needed, conserving water resources.
  • Smart farming promotes sustainable agriculture practices by minimising the use of resources and reducing chemical inputs.
  • Smart farming techniques like precision agriculture minimise the risk of soil and water contamination and contribute to the preservation of ecosystems.
  • Advanced farming optimises resource usage, improves crop management, and enhances decision-making.
  • It enables farmers to take proactive measures to maximise the crop yield by providing real-time data on soil conditions, crop health, and weather patterns.
  • Predictive analytics and real-time monitoring help identify potential issues, enabling farmers to take informed decision to intervene early to minimise crop losses.

Schemes to Promote Smart Farming in India

Government of India has launched programmes to promote the adoption of smart farming methods. These are:

Digital Agriculture Mission (DAM): Initiated for 2021-2025, it includes India Digital Ecosystem of Agriculture (IDEA), Revamping Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC), and Farmers Database, Unified Farmers Service Interface (UFSI).

National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture (NeGPA): Under this programme funding is given to States to set up Digital Agriculture projects using emerging technologies like AI/ML, IoT, Block chain etc.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sichai Yojana (PMKSY-PDMC): The Per Drop More Crop component promotes the use of micro irrigation technologies like drop and sprinkler method of irrigation to increase water use efficiency at the farm level.

electronic-National Agriculture Market (eNAM): It is an electronic trading portal networks to create networks between the existing APMC mandis for the farmers.


Smart farming is revolutionising agriculture and making it more efficient, sustainable, and profitable. Technologies like IoT, AI and robotics are transforming how we grow and produce food. Smart farming in India can help us meet the growing demand for food, reduce waste, and ensure food security for future generations. Farmers and policymakers must adopt smart farming and work together to ensure a sustainable future for agriculture.

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