Sarkari Yojana

Rashtriya Gokul Mission: A Scheme to Increase Income of Farmers

Updated on 09th February, 2024, By Neesha Rathod
Rashtriya Gokul Mission: A Scheme to Increase Income of Farmers
Rashtriya Gokul Mission was launched in December 2014 for development and conservation of indigenous native bovine breeds. In all, it aims to revolutionize the livestock development in India.

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The Rashtriya Gokul Mission is one of the major government schemes to promote animal husbandry in India. It is designed to protect and improve our native cattle breeds. The main goal is to help farmers financially and change the way they take care of their cows. By keeping the special traits of our native breeds, this mission not only helps our farming history but also supports farmers, increases their income, and works towards making farming strong and successful. Let's discuss the Rashtriya Gokul Mission in detail.

Understanding the Rashtriya Gokul Mission

The Rashtriya Gokul Mission, started by the Indian government, is a complete plan to protect and grow our native cattle breeds. It understands the important role these breeds play in farming, like being well-suited to our local conditions, being strong against diseases, and helping with sustainable agriculture.

Objectives of Rashtriya Gokul Mission

  • It seeks to preserve native or indigenous cattle breeds. Acknowledging their cultural and historical importance, the mission strives to avoid decline and encourage sustainable utilization.
  • It aims to enhance the productivity of native cattle breeds, focusing on milk and other by-products. It involves implementing strategies to boost the genetic potential of these breeds, resulting in higher yields and improved income for farmers.
  • It focuses on the comprehensive development of the livestock sector in India by encouraging best practices in breeding, nutrition, and healthcare. This all-encompassing approach ensures that farmers have the knowledge and resources needed for effective livestock management.
  • It seeks to empower farmers economically. By advocating for sustainable and efficient practices in livestock farming, the mission strives to increase the income of farmers involved in raising indigenous cattle breeds.

Key Components of Rashtriya Gokul Mission

Gokul Grams

Gokul Grams, or Gokul Villages, are essential parts of the mission. These are set up as comprehensive cattle development centres, concentrating on improving breeds, providing healthcare, and ensuring the overall welfare of indigenous cattle. Gokul Grams acts as a model village to showcase the implementation of the best practices in livestock management.

National Kamdhenu Breeding Centres

The mission sets up National Kamdhenu Breeding Centres to promote the scientific breeding of high-yielding indigenous cattle. These centres play a crucial role in improving the genetics of breeds, ensuring that farmers have access to superior livestock.

Establishment of Field Performance Recording (FPR) Units

The mission backs the creation of Field Performance Recording Units to track and document the performance of indigenous cattle breeds. These units facilitate the gathering of data on milk production, reproduction, and health, aiding in the systematic enhancement of breeds.

Incentives for Farmers

The Rashtriya Gokul Mission offers financial incentives to farmers for raising indigenous cattle breeds. These incentives serve as an encouragement for farmers to engage in breed conservation and actively embrace enhanced practices.

Economic Impact on Farmers

  • Income Generation: By improving the productivity of indigenous cattle breeds, farmers witness higher yields in terms of milk and other products. It becomes a dependable source of income, significantly contributing to the financial stability of farming households.
  • Diversification of Livelihood: The mission urges farmers to broaden their income sources by enhancing livestock management. Apart from milk production, indigenous cattle breeds provide opportunities for farmers to participate in activities like organic farming, bio-fertilizer production, and the sale of by-products.
  • Job Creation: The creation of Gokul Grams and other mission-driven projects generates job opportunities in rural areas. Various tasks require skilled and unskilled labour, such as animal care and managing breeding centres, which contributes to local employment.

Challenges and Future Prospects

  • Challenges in Implementation: While the mission has good goals, there are challenges in making it work well. Some issues include farmers not knowing enough, not having the right facilities, and needing ongoing help from the government.
  • Technology Adoption: It needs to use new technologies in taking care of livestock. Using new ideas on how to breed animals, keep them healthy, and manage information will make the mission work better overall.
  • Sustainable Practices: To make sure the mission keeps doing well in the long run, it should focus on doing things in a way that is good for the environment.


The Rashtriya Gokul Mission is important for Indian farmers. It focuses on saving and improving native cattle breeds, which helps keep our farming history alive and makes farmers' lives better. As the mission grows and deals with challenges using new technology, it can make farming sustainable and successful. The Rashtriya Gokul Mission isn't just a government plan; it's a powerful force that supports farmers, boosts rural economies, and works towards a strong and lively farming future.

Neesha Rathod
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Neesha Rathod
Neesha holds a bachelor’s degree in agriculture and a postgraduate degree in Rural Management. With over 10 years of experience in agriculture and the rural sector, she is a quick problem solver. She is inquisitive and has a deep analytics insight into any issues related to agriculture. She loves to travel and explore new places.
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