Farmers get ready for a busy farming season with the onset of the monsoon. A tractor becomes the most crucial machinery for conducting agricultural tasks efficiently. But the rainy season can pose many severe challenges for tractor owners. This article offers the best maintenance tips for your tractor to keep it in top shape during the rainy season.
Tractors face several challenges during the rainy season due to the wet and muddy conditions. Some of the key challenges include:
To maintain the performance of your tractor in the rainy season, check out the following essential maintenance tips to be followed in the rainy season:
It is vital to clean your tractor after each use, particularly during monsoons. Check for debris and mud stuck in different tractor parts, as they can result in damage and rust. Clean the tractor’s body using a high-pressure water hose to eliminate dirt and mud from the engine area, radiator, and air vents.
The engine oil hugely impacts the maintenance of the tractor’s performance. You need to check the level of engine oil regularly to maintain it per the manufacturer's guidelines. Also, essential fluids like hydraulic fluid and coolant can get diluted or contaminated due to excess rainfall. Have them replaced to maintain optimum performance.
Rain can clog the air filter, making the engine susceptible to debris and dust. Regular cleaning of these filters is important for preventing engine damage. You must replace them if they are very dirty. Like the air filter, the fuel filter must be maintained regularly in the rainy season. Replace it, if needed, to ensure contaminants are not mixed in fuel.
Tyre pressure must be adequate for better stability and traction on the field. The fuel consumption can increase due to the tractor tyres being over-inflated or under-inflated. Maintain the tyre pressure at optimal levels to ensure optimal tractor’s performance.
You must frequently check the tyres, mainly the tread, to ensure their good condition. It is unsafe to drive with worn-out tyres in rainy terrains.
Rainwater washes away the greasing in the different moving components of the tractor. Thus, you must grease all the moving parts, like bearings and joints, to prevent excessive friction. It helps extend their lifespan.
Thoroughly check the bearings in the power take-off (PTO) system, transmission, and wheels during the rainy season. They can face premature wear due to moisture and corrosion. To prevent more damage, regular greasing is required.
Check for rust and damage in all switches, connectors, and wiring. Electrical systems are most vulnerable to water damage. All connections must be secure and tight. You can also use appropriate covers and sealants to protect sensitive electrical components.
For safe tractor operation, having a well-functioning clutch and brakes is essential. Brakes do not work effectively because of mud and water in rainy conditions. Inspect and clean the clutch and braking systems regularly to ensure seamless functioning. Immediately replace worn-out brake shoes and pads to prevent accidents in wet weather.
Due to temperature changes, there can be a build-up of condensation in fuel tanks. It results in water contamination in the fuel. Besides cleaning the fuel filter, keeping the fuel tank full is important for farmers.
In addition, you must check for any signs of damage, like leaks or rust spots in the fuel tank. A leakage can result in potential safety hazards and fuel wastage. Clean the fuel tank in a sheltered or covered area to prevent water from contaminating the tank.
It is important to understand that you must only clean the tank, when necessary, in the rainy season. In addition, if you are unsure about cleaning it yourself, visit the service centre or take help from a qualified mechanic to ensure proper cleaning and maintenance.
Rainwater can seriously damage the battery of a tractor. Thus, it becomes more crucial to maintain it as the tractor won't even start with a defective battery. The battery terminals need to be cleaned regularly. Also, keep a note of the charge level to ensure the battery's performance. If needed, protect the battery with a waterproof cover.
Among the most straightforward methods to protect the tractor during the rainy season is parking it where natural elements cannot disturb it.
If the tractor is parked in a dry place, the chances of rust formation are reduced. Even though tractors are durable to endure rainfall, they can get damaged if there is prolonged exposure.
You must park the tractor in covered spaces and ensure good ventilation to avoid moisture build-up. If you do not have access to enclosed spaces, use a tarp or cover to shield it from debris and rain. It would be best if no trees were nearby to minimise contact with leaves or falling branches.
There is no doubt that the rainy season can bring a host of issues for farmers and their tractors. However, if you follow the tractor maintenance tips mentioned above, you will have nothing to worry about. Proper maintenance improves the tractor’s performance along with its lifespan. Hope you save your precious time and have a productive rainy season.
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