Different Types of Tractors in India - Function and Uses

Updated on 09th February, 2024, By Sonu Gupta
Different Types of Tractors in India - Function and Uses
Tractors have been the most important invention in the modernisation of agriculture. Today, based on the usage and size, classification of tractors can be categorized into utility tractors, industrial tractors, garden tractors, and compact tractors, among others.

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In the past days, farming was done with the help of animals such as bulls, cows, horses, etc.  As the demand for food crops increased this method became ineffective as we need to produce in large quantities. To overcome these shortcomings farm machines like tractors were invented to perform various farm operations easily and quickly.  With the progress in tractor technology, today different types of tractors are used for different applications ranging from agriculture to industrial purposes. In this blog article, we will understand different types of tractors, tractor function, uses and benefits.

What is a Tractor?

A tractor is a specialized vehicle that is designed to provide high torque at low speeds. The word "tractor" is derived from two words, "traction" and "motor." It is primarily used in agriculture to perform various tasks such as ploughing, sowing, tilling the land, loading, and pulling heavy loads. It is also utilized in construction and industrial activities.

Types of Tractors and their Names

Classification of tractor can be done based on usage, size or power. Usage basis, it can be classified as utility tractor, garden tractor, and industrial tractor among others. Power based classification of tractor comprise of two-wheel drive (2WD) tractor and four-wheel drive (4WD) tractor. Lastly, based on size, it can be categorized as compact tractors or mini tractors, and full-size tractors. Let us see one by one in brief along with their function and uses.

Utility Tractors

Utility tractors are commonly used in agriculture for various tasks such as ploughing, tilling, harrowing, planting, mowing, and hauling. These tractors are designed to handle a wide range of farming activities and are known for their power and reliability. Here are some of the applications, uses, and benefits of utility tractors:

Functions and Uses of Utility Tractors

Ploughing fields: They are often used for ploughing fields to prepare the land for planting crops. They have the power to handle large ploughs and can easily turn over the soil to create a seedbed.

Mowing: With the use of a rotary cutter attachment, utility tractors can be used for mowing large fields of grass, weeds, and other vegetation.

Hauling: These tractors are capable of towing heavy loads such as trailers, carts, and other equipment needed for farming.

Tilling: They can also be used for tilling, which involves breaking up the soil to create a seedbed. This is typically done before planting crops.

Snow removal: In the winter months, utility tractors can be used for snow removal by attaching a snowblower or snowplough to the front of the tractor.

Benefits of Utility Tractors

Versatility: They are versatile machines that can handle a wide range of tasks and can be used for ploughing, tilling, mowing, hauling, and many other activities.

Efficiency: With the use of attachments, utility tractors can perform multiple tasks with ease, saving farmers time and energy.

Power: These tractors are known for their power and are capable of handling heavy loads and tough terrain.

Reliability: They are built to last and are known for their durability and reliability. They are designed to withstand the demands of farming and can handle tough working conditions.

Fuel efficiency: Many utility tractors are designed to be fuel-efficient, which can save farmers money on fuel costs over time.

Row Crop Tractors

A row crop tractor can also perform multiple farming tasks like ploughing and harrowing. The primary function of these tractors is to grow crops in a row and cultivate the crops.

Functions and Uses of Row Crop Tractors

These tractors are specially designed for row crop farming. They are used for planting, cultivating, and harvesting row crops like cotton, corn, and soybeans. These tractors are equipped with narrow wheels, which help in manoeuvring between crop rows.

Benefits of Row Crop Tractors

They are designed for maximum efficiency in row crop farming. They are equipped with advanced features like GPS, automatic steering, and hydraulic systems. They can be easily customized with various attachments like cultivators, ploughs, and seeders.

Garden Tractors

Garden tractors are primarily used for gardening purposes. They are generally of less than 42 inches in size when measured at hood. They are powered by either diesel or gasoline engines. Further, they are sometimes loosely referred to as compact tractors or mini tractors.

Functions and Uses of Garden Tractors

These tractors are mainly used for maintaining gardens and lawns. They are suitable for small to medium-sized gardens.

They have low horsepower ranging from 15HP to 30HP. These tractors are known for their versatility and can perform various gardening operations like mowing, digging, tilling, and snow ploughing.

Benefits of Garden Tractors

They are compact in size and easy to operate. They come with various attachments like mower decks, front-end loaders, and snow blades. They are fuel-efficient and require low maintenance.

Industrial Tractors

Any tractor equipped with above 20 HP engine can be termed as industrial tractors. But they are used for purposes like loading, highway maintenance, etc., or purposes other than agriculture.

Functions and Uses of Industrial Tractors

These tractors are mainly used in construction and industrial applications. They are suitable for heavy-duty tasks like excavating, grading, and digging.

They are equipped with large tires and a powerful hydraulic system, which makes them suitable for heavy-duty tasks.

Benefits of Industrial Tractors

They are designed to withstand harsh weather conditions and rough terrains. They are equipped with advanced safety features like roll bars and seat belts. They can be easily customized with various attachments like backhoes, loaders, and bulldozer blades.

Compact tractors

Compact tractors, also known as mini tractors, are versatile agricultural vehicles that are designed to work efficiently in small to medium-sized farms, orchards, and vineyards. These tractors are smaller in size than traditional tractors, making them perfect for manoeuvring around tight spaces.

Function and Uses of Compact Tractors

Fruit and Nut Farming: They are widely used in fruit and nut farming, especially for picking and pruning fruits and nuts. They are designed to move easily through tight rows of trees and vines, enabling farmers to tend to their crops easily and quickly.

Landscaping and Gardening: They are also used in landscaping and gardening. They can be used for mowing lawns, tilling gardens, and other activities related to maintaining outdoor spaces.

Livestock Farming: They can be used in livestock farming for feeding animals, cleaning pens, and hauling feed.

Benefits of Compact Tractors

Cost-Effective: They are smaller in size and consume less fuel than traditional tractors, making them more cost-effective. They are affordable in price and require less maintenance, which reduces the overall cost of operation.

Versatility: They are multifunctional and can be used for a variety of tasks, such as mowing, tilling, ploughing, and hauling. This makes them a valuable addition to any farm or outdoor space.

Easy to Operate: They are designed to be user-friendly, making them easy to operate for people of all skill levels. They are equipped with intuitive controls and a comfortable driving experience, which makes them a popular choice among farmers and landscapers.

Manoeuvrability: They have a tighter turning radius, making them highly manoeuvrable in tight spaces. This makes them perfect for use in orchards, vineyards, and other areas where space is limited.

Two-wheel Tractors

Two-wheel tractors, also known as walking tractors, are small agricultural machines that are highly versatile and efficient in various farming operations. They consist of a power unit with two wheels, which can be attached to a range of implements for tasks such as ploughing, tilling, cultivating, and planting.

Functions and Uses of Two-wheel Tractors

Small-scale farming: Two-wheel tractors are ideal for small-scale farming operations, such as cultivating vegetable gardens or small fields.

Orchard management: They can be used for pruning, mowing, and harvesting in orchards and vineyards.

Landscaping and gardening: These tractors can be used for landscaping tasks such as lawn mowing, soil preparation, and seed planting.

Benefits of Two-wheel Tractors

Cost-effective: These tractors are generally more affordable than larger tractors, making them a good option for small farmers or those on a budget.

Versatile: They can be used with a range of implements, such as ploughs, cultivators, and harrows, allowing farmers to perform various tasks with a single machine.

Manoeuvrability: The compact size of these tractors makes them highly manoeuvrable, allowing them to navigate tight spaces or work around obstacles easily.

Fuel-efficient: They generally have lower horsepower engines than larger tractors, resulting in lower fuel consumption and operating costs.

Environmentally friendly: As they consume less fuel, two-wheel tractors are considered more environmentally friendly compared to larger tractors.


A tractor can be used for different purposes and based on it the tractors have been classified. As seen from above, a tractor can be classified into utility tractor, compact tractor, two-wheel tractor, and garden tractor, among others. Each tractor type has their own function and uses. Depending on your usage, you can choose a tractor from the list of tractors listed on Tractorkarvan. You may also purchase these tractors on easy EMIs by taking a tractor loan from Tractorkarvan. For more such interesting blogs, visit Tractorkarvan. For more such interesting blogs, visit Tractorkarvan.

Sonu Gupta
Published By
Sonu Gupta
Sonu Gupta holds a bachelor's degree in arts. He is a seasoned SEO expert with focus on strategic planning and optimization of tractor related content. He is a believer of following a customer-centric approach in execution across his field of interest. He is an avid traveler, reader, and has a great interest in agriculture.
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