Agriculture

Potato Varieties Cultivated in India - A Complete List

Updated on 11th April, 2024, By Arpit Srivastava
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Potato Varieties Cultivated in India - A Complete List
Potato cultivation has long been a part of the Indian subcontinent, and India is the second-largest potato producer globally. We will discuss different potato varieties that are majorly cultivated in India.

Table of Content

Introduction

Potato cultivation has long been a part of the Indian subcontinent. It has been consumed in almost every household in a variety of dishes. Potato cultivation plays a significant role in ensuring food security and offering economic stability. This crop is supported in a variety of climate conditions and has a high-yielding capacity, thus making it an attractive choice for farmers to cultivate potatoes. Significant potato cultivation offers a source of income to several people involved with this crop cultivation directly or indirectly.

Popular Potato Varieties in India

Being the second largest potato producer globally, India has managed to meet not only the domestic demand but also the global demand. There are several Indian states that are among the top 10 potato producing states in the country, with Uttar Pradesh topping the list. Indian farmers have been cultivating a diverse variety of potatoes over the years. Around 50 different types of potatoes are cultivated in the country; some are highly popular and thus cultivated majorly. Some of the popular potato varieties in India are discussed in this blog.

Kufri Sindhuri

Potato Types in India - Kufri Sindhuri

It is among the most popular potato varieties cultivated in India. States like Maharashtra, Punjab, Gujrat, Bihar, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh are involved in the cultivation of this potato variety. With a maturing period of around 110-120 days, Kufri sindhuri is capable of withstanding water and temperature stress to a significant extent. It has an average per-hectare yield of around 40 tons. It is also resistant to early blight and is suitable for processing.

Kufri Badshah

Potato Types in India - Kufri Badshah

This is another popular variety of potato in India, which is mainly suitable for table purposes due to its texture and taste. Haryana, Jammu Kashmir, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat and Uttar Pradesh are involved in the cultivation of this potato variety. This variety has white, oval fleet eyes, and the flesh is dull white in colour, which turns purple when exposed to light. It is also moderately resistant to blight and another potato virus X (PVX). This crop takes time of around 100-110 days to mature and has an average yield per hectare of 50 tons.

Kufri Lalima

Potato Types in India - Kufri Lalima

This variety is majorly concentrated in the states like Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. It has white flesh and deep eyes, which are medium, round and red. It has a yield of 40 tons per hectare, and the maturity time is between 100 to 110 days. In terms of resistance to blight, it shows moderate resistance and has a resistant reaction to the Y potato virus.

Kufri Ashoka

Potato Types in India - Kufri Ashoka

Mainly cultivated in West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, and Bihar, this variety has large white fleet eyes. It has a maturity range of 70 to 80 days and offers an average yield of 40 tons per hectare. Similar to Kufri Badshah, it is also suitable for table purposes.

Kufri Pukhraj

Potato Types in India - Kufri Pukhraj

It is among the most popular varieties in Punjab, Bihar, Haryana, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh. The tubers in this variety are oval in shape and large in size. It is slightly yellowish in colour and has fleet eyes. With 40 tons of yield per hectare, it matures in 70-90 days.

Kufri Sutlej

Potato Types in India - Kufri Sutlej

Cultivated in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and Bihar, this variety comes with white flesh and large, white, oval eyes. This variety shows moderate resistance to late blight and offers an average per-hectare yield of 40 tons. This crop matures in around 90 to 100 days and is suitable for table purposes.

Kufri Anand

Potato Types in India - Kufri Anand

This is among the potato varieties that are cultivated in the plain regions of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The primary characteristics of this variety are that it has a white core and oval or long, fleet eyes, which are medium in size. This variety takes around 100 to 110 days for maturity and is mostly suitable for French fries' preparation.

Kufri Chipsona

Potato Types in India - Kufri Chipsona

The Chipsona variety of potato is cultivated in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and comes with a dull white-coloured flesh. It has large, white, oval, fleet eyes, and it is capable of tolerating frost to a significant extent. It also shows blight resistance. Like the Kufri Anand variety, it is also used for French fries and chip-making.

Kufri Jawahar

Potato Types in India - Kufri Jawahar

This variety is common in Karnataka, Haryana, Punjab, Gujrat and Madhya Pradesh. With a maturity range of 80 to 90 days, this variety has an average production of 40 tons per hectare. It can moderately resist late blight and is appropriate in systems with intensive cropping.

Kufri Bahar

Potato Types in India - Kufri Bahar

Kufri Bahar is cultivated in Jammu Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. This variety has a maturity of 100 to 110 days and offers an average per-hectare yield of 45 tons. It has white, large, deep eyes and has a relatively slower degeneration rate than other varieties, making it suitable for diverse culinary applications.

With a huge landscape, India has a rich diversity in terms of potato varieties. Each variety has its own culinary use and unique characteristics. The above-mentioned diverse potato varieties cater to domestic and global consumers' demands. Learning about the different varieties helps us understand the characteristics associated with each.

Frequently Asked Questions on Potato Varieties Cultivated in India - A Complete List

1. How many types of potatoes are there?

There are various types of potatoes, like Kufri Sindhuri, Kufri Bahar, and Kufri Badshah among others.

Potatoes with high starch levels are considered best for roasting as these absorb the flavours.

Potato is a rabi crop that is sown during October and November in the winter.

Loamy soil with an efficient drainage system and rich organic nutrients is best for growing potatoes.

Potato varieties like Kufri Chipsona are used for chips as they have low reducing sugar and less than 21 per cent dry matter in a tuber.

Yes, some of these are Sree Nandini, Kiran, Sree Rethna, and Sree Bhadra, among others.

Potato is a starchy root vegetable.

Arpit Srivastava
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Arpit Srivastava
Arpit holds a B.Tech degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering from Babu Banarasi Das Northern India Institute of Technology. He is a professional content writer having skillset of writing top quality research based content for various niche and industries. With over 7 years of experience, he holds expertise in writing SEO-friendly content on a wide range of topics related to agriculture, tractors, and farm implements. In his free time, he loves to explore new places, try different cuisines, and play sports like cricket and badminton.
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