Zero Budget Natural Farming Model in India: Guiding Principles and its Importance

18 Jun 2023
Zero Budget Natural Farming Model in India: Guiding Principles and its Importance Article
In recent years, a revolutionary farming approach known as Zero Budget Natural Farming has gained significant attention in India. Developed by agriculturist Subhash Palekar, ZBNF promotes sustainable, chemical-free farming methods that prioritise the well-being of both farmers and the environment.

Table of Contents


Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) is an agricultural model that aims to promote sustainable and organic farming practices. It is a holistic approach emphasising the usage of natural resources and the reduction of external inputs such as fertilisers and pesticides. We will discuss the guiding principles of ZBNF and its importance in India.

What is Zero Budget Natural Farming?

If you do not understand what is zero budget natural farming model, this section will enlighten you. Traditional farming practices have long relied on chemical and high external inputs, resulting in environmental degradation, reduced soil fertility, and increased financial burden on farmers.

In recent years, a revolutionary farming approach known as Zero Budget Natural Farming has gained significant attention in India. Developed by agriculturist Subhash Palekar, ZBNF promotes sustainable, chemical-free farming methods that prioritise the well-being of both farmers and the environment.

The core principle of zero budget farming is the elimination of external inputs such as chemical fertilisers, pesticides, and genetically modified seeds. Instead, ZBNF emphasises the use of locally available resources and the adoption of natural farming techniques. By eliminating the need for expensive inputs, farmers can reduce their production costs significantly, making farming more economically viable.

Guiding Principles of Zero Budget Natural Farming

Zero Budget Natural Farming is a transformative agricultural model that aligns with the principles of sustainability, self-sufficiency, and ecological balance. By adhering to its guiding principles, ZBNF offers a viable alternative to conventional farming practices that heavily rely on external inputs and contribute to environmental degradation. Following are the guiding principles of ZBNF and their significance in shaping the future of farming.

Zero Budget

The model focuses on natural resources and reducing external inputs like pesticides. Farmers are encouraged to use locally available resources such as cow dung, cow urine, and other organic materials to enrich the soil.

Soil Health

The zero-budget natural farming model emphasises the importance of maintaining soil health through natural fertilisers and practices such as crop rotation, intercropping, and mulching. This helps to improve soil fertility, retain moisture, and reduce soil erosion.


ZBNF promotes the use of mulching, which covers the soil with a layer of organic materials like crop residues, straws, or leaves. Mulching helps retain moisture, suppress weed growth, improve soil fertility, and protect the soil from erosion.

Soil Fertility Management

This model focuses on improving soil health through organic practices. It encourages the use of organic manures, compost, green manure and bio-fertilisers to enhance soil fertility, structure, and microbial activity.

Seed Treatment & Preservation

The use of traditional and indigenous seeds is encouraged by this model. Farmers are encouraged to save and exchange seeds, preserving the diversity of crops and reducing dependency on hybrid or genetically modified seeds.

Livestock Integration

The model emphasises the integration of livestock into farming practices. Cows, goats, and other animals are used to provide manure, milk, and other products that can be used for farming and household purposes.

Water Conservation

Water is a precious resource, and ZBNF recognises its importance in agriculture. Techniques like drip irrigation, rainwater harvesting, and mulching are employed to conserve water and improve its efficient utilisation. By reducing water wastage, ZBNF helps farmers cope with water scarcity and adapt to changing climatic conditions.

Components of Natural Farming

ZBNF is a farming technique that has been gaining popularity in recent years. It is a farming method that does not require any external inputs, such as fertilisers or pesticides. Instead, it relies on natural processes to maintain soil health and increase crop yields.

For instance, zero tillage is an effective practice for planting crops without prior tilling or disturbing the soil. The advantages of zero tillage include soil conservation, moisture retention and improved soil health. Besides the advantages of zero tillage, here are the four main components of natural farming:

  • Jeevamrutha: Jeevamrutha is a natural fertiliser that is made from cow dung, cow urine, jaggery, gram flour, and water. It helps increase soil fertility and improve crop yields. Jeevamrutha is rich in microorganisms that help in decomposing organic matter that makes the soil more fertile.
  • Bijamrita: Bijamrita is a natural pesticide that is made from cow urine, cow dung, neem leaves, garlic, and chilli. It controls pests and diseases in crops without the use of harmful chemicals. Bijamrita is effective because it contains natural compounds that repel pests and boost plant immunity.
  • Mulching: Mulching covers the soil with organic matter, such as crop residues, leaves, or grass. It helps to conserve soil moisture, suppress weed growth, and improve soil fertility. Mulching also provides a habitat for beneficial microorganisms that break down organic matter and improve soil health.
  • Soil Aeration: Adequate soil aeration refers to the presence of enough oxygen in the soil, which is important for the respiration of plant roots and soil organisms. Through organic matter incorporation, mulching, diverse cropping systems, reduced tillage, and avoiding chemical inputs, zero budget farming naturally promotes soil aeration.

Advantages of Zero Budget Natural Farming

The importance of ZBNF lies in its offering a range of benefits that contribute to ecological balance, farmer profitability, and food security. Let us explore the key benefits of Zero Budget Natural Farming:

Cost Reduction

As the name suggests, zero budget farming eliminates or significantly reduces the cost of external inputs and genetically modified seeds. By relying on locally available resources and natural farming techniques, farmers can minimise their expenses and achieve higher profitability. Zero farming promotes self-sufficiency and reduces dependence on costly inputs, making farming economically viable for small and marginal farmers.

Biodiversity & Ecological Balance

ZBNF emphasises the importance of biodiversity and ecological balance in agricultural systems. By avoiding chemical inputs, zero farming preserves the natural habitats of beneficial insects, birds, and other organisms that contribute to pest control. The practice encourages the cultivation of diverse crops, intercropping, and mixed cropping, which creates an encouraging environment for beneficial insects and promotes pollination. The preservation of biodiversity enhances ecosystem resilience and reduces the need for synthetic pest control measures.

Water Conservation

Water scarcity is a significant concern in many Indian agricultural regions. Zero budget farming promotes water conservation by incorporating practices such as mulching, cover cropping, and efficient irrigation techniques. Mulching helps retain soil moisture, reduces evaporation, and prevents weed growth. Cover cropping minimises water runoff, improves infiltration, and adds organic matter to the soil. By optimising water use, ZBNF contributes to water conservation and helps farmers cope with drought conditions.

Soil Health & Fertility

Zero budget farming prioritises the health and fertility of the soil. The practice encourages using organic matter, crop residues, and compost to improve soil structure, increase water-holding capacity, and enhance nutrient content. By avoiding chemical fertilisers and pesticides, ZBNF protects beneficial microorganisms, earthworms, and other soil organisms that contribute to nutrient cycling and soil fertility. Healthy soils support sustainable crop production and reduce the risk of soil degradation.


This zero budget natural farming model can improve farmers' livelihoods by reducing their dependence on external inputs and increasing their profits. Farmers gain greater control over their farming operations by utilising locally available resources and adopting self-sustaining farming practices.

Healthier Food & Environment

Zero Budget Natural Farming prioritises producing safe and nutritious food. Eliminating chemical residues in crops ensures that the food produced is free from harmful substances. ZBNF also contributes to a healthier environment by reducing the contamination of water bodies, soil, and air with chemical pollutants. It promotes sustainable farming practices that positively impact human health and the surrounding ecosystem.


In conclusion, zero budget natural farming is an important agricultural practice that can help promote environmental sustainability, improve soil health, increase crop yields, and improve farmers' livelihoods. By adopting this farming method, we can create a more sustainable agricultural system that benefits both farmers and the environment.

Popular Blogs

Browse Categories


Call Us At

whatsapp icon