Agriculture

Microgreens Farming in India: How to Cultivate and Health Benefits

Updated on 09th February, 2024, By Arpit Srivastava
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Microgreens Farming in India: How to Cultivate and Health Benefits
Microgreens farming involves cultivating young vegetable or herb plants until they reach the cotyledon or first true leaf stage. The process of microgreens farming is relatively simple, making it accessible to both seasoned farmers and beginners.

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Introduction

Microgreens are tiny plants harvested at an early stage. They pack a powerful punch of nutrients and flavour. Microgreens first came into picture in eighties when they were used as garnish. Gradually they become popular due to their nutritional superpowers. In India microgreens have started gaining attraction albeit slowly and hence microgreens farming has started taking roots especially in urban areas. In this blog, we will see how to cultivate microgreens and what are the health benefits.

Steps to Cultivate Microgreens in India

Microgreen farming is one of the many forms of farming like multilayer farming. It involves cultivating young vegetable or herb plants until they reach the cotyledon or first true leaf stage. These microgreens are typically harvested within 7 to 21 days of germination, making them a quick and efficient crop to grow. The process of microgreens farming is relatively simple, making it accessible to both seasoned farmers and beginners.

Following are the steps to do microgreens farming in India:

  • Microgreen Seeds: To cultivate microgreens, it is crucial to use dedicated microgreen seeds rather than regular ones.
  • Potting Soil: Optimal growth of microgreens is achieved with planting soil that is free from any chemical or pesticide residues, ensuring organic and healthy microgreens.
  • Pot/Tray: For growing microgreens, a container such as a seed or regular planting pot or a vessel with a depth of 4-5 inches is suitable.
  • Light Source: Microgreens thrive with a minimum of 3-4 hours of essential sunlight or natural light daily. Placing them on a bright windowsill or a balcony that receives sunlight is ideal.
  • Water: Water is a vital element for microgreens, and the soil should be consistently kept moist. Using a hand sprinkler with micro-outlets is recommended to avoid excessive water pouring onto the plants.

Starting a Microgreens Business in India

The microgreens business is doing well in India because more people want fresh and healthy food, and they are learning about the good things that microgreens can do for your health. People who want to start their own microgreens farms are taking advantage of this and growing microgreens to sell to local markets, restaurants, and folks who care about eating healthy.

You do not need a big piece of land to start a microgreens business in India. You can grow them in small spaces, which is great for cities and nearby areas. This is good because it means you can grow microgreens even if you do not have a lot of space.

Also, starting a microgreens business does not cost a lot. You do not need fancy equipment or a big setup. If you want to be a microgreens farmer, you can get started with just a little bit of equipment and grow your business. This is good because the market for fresh, locally sourced produce is growing.

Microgreens Market in India

The microgreens market in India is growing steadily because more people care about their health, and they want high-quality, nutritious foods. Restaurants and hotels are using microgreens in their dishes not just for the bright colours but also for the special flavours they add.

Local farmers are discovering new chances by selling microgreens to stores, farmers' markets, and even directly to people through subscription services.

There are lots of different types of microgreens, from spicy radish to mild sunflower shoots, so there's something for everyone. This variety is making microgreens more and more popular in India.

Health Benefits of Microgreens

Microgreens may be small in size, but they are mighty in terms of nutritional value. These microgreens offer a concentrated burst of health benefits as they are packed with minerals, antioxidants, and vitamins. Here are some of the key advantages associated with including microgreens in your diet:

Nutrient Density

Despite their small size, microgreens are nutrient powerhouses. Studies have shown that they can contain higher levels of minerals and vitamins compared to their mature counterparts. Adding a diverse range of microgreens to your dishes is a simple method to enhance the nutritional content of your meals.

Rich in Antioxidants

Antioxidants play a vital role in counteracting detrimental free radicals within the body. Microgreens, possessing elevated levels of antioxidants, contribute to overall well-being and may aid in lowering the risk of chronic diseases.

Supports Digestive Health

Microgreens are rich in fibre, which is essential for digestive health. Incorporating fibre into your diet can assist in digestion, regulate bowel movements, and support a flourishing gut microbiome.

Weight Management

The combination of low calories and high nutrient content in microgreens makes them an excellent choice for those looking to manage their weight. They provide the body with essential nutrients without adding excessive calories.

Flavour Enhancement

Beyond their nutritional benefits, microgreens add a burst of fresh flavours to dishes. Whether used as a garnish or a main ingredient, they elevate the taste of salads, sandwiches, and various culinary creations.

Conclusion

Microgreen farming in India is not just a passing trend; it is a pathway to both good health and financial success. The microgreens business in India offers a promising opportunity for both farmers and entrepreneurs. The entry barriers are low, and there's a growing demand in the market. By grasping the basics of microgreen farming, people aspiring to get into this can not only contribute to local food availability but also enjoy the health benefits these microgreens offer.

Arpit Srivastava
Published By
Arpit Srivastava
Arpit holds a B.Tech degree in Electronics and Communication Engineering from Babu Banarasi Das Northern India Institute of Technology. He is a professional content writer having skillset of writing top quality research based content for various niche and industries. With over 7 years of experience, he holds expertise in writing SEO-friendly content on a wide range of topics related to agriculture, tractors, and farm implements. In his free time, he loves to explore new places, try different cuisines, and play sports like cricket and badminton.
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