What is Zaid Season in India? Importance, Crop Grown and Contributing Factors

03 Jun 2023
What is Zaid Season in India? Importance, Crop Grown and Contributing Factors
India has three crop seasons and Zaid season is one of them. This season is from March from June or before the onset of monsoon season. The crops grown in these months are watermelon, brinjal, muskmelon, and cucumber, among others.

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Zaid season, also known as summer cropping, is a period of agricultural activity that takes place during the summer months in India. It is an important season for farmers as it provides an opportunity to grow crops between Rabi and Kharif seasons. It is the third of the four main seasons in India, after the Kharif season (summer), the Rabi season (winter), and the monsoon season. The Zaid season typically runs from March to June. This blog will explore what is Zaid season, its importance, the crops grown, and contributing factors.

What is Zaid Season?

If you are wondering Zaid crops are grown in which season, this section is for you. Zaid season is the period between March and June, which is the hottest and driest time of the year in India.

It is the season when farmers grow crops that require less water and can tolerate high temperatures. The term 'Zaid' is derived from the Arabic word 'Zayd', which means growth and to prosper.

The Zaid crop season is characterized by hot and dry weather. This weather is ideal for growing a variety of crops, including fruits, vegetables, pulses, and oilseeds. The soil in India is generally fertile and well-drained, which makes it ideal for growing crops during the Zaid crop season.

Irrigation is essential for growing crops during the Zaid season, and India has a well-developed irrigation system that helps to make the Zaid crop season possible.

The use of modern agricultural technologies, such as high-yield varieties of seeds and fertilizers, has helped increase crop production during the Zaid crops season.

Importance of Zaid Season in India

The importance of the Zaid season lies in the fact that it allows farmers to cultivate and harvest crops that demand less water and shorter growing periods. Since these crops require less water, they can be cultivated in areas with low rainfall or limited access to irrigation facilities.

In addition, cultivating Zaid season crops can also help diversify the cropping pattern, which is crucial for sustainable agriculture. Crop diversification helps improve soil health, reduce pests and diseases, and enhance the resilience of the agroecosystem to climate change.

The Zaid season is an important part of Indian agriculture and has a number of benefits. It is important to support the Zaid season by promoting the cultivation of Zaid season crops during this season and assisting farmers and rural labourers. Here is why the Zaid crop season is good for Indian farmers:

Food Security

Zaid crop season provides an opportunity to grow crops not grown during the monsoon season. Thus, the Zaid seasons crops ensure food security. It helps in maintaining the availability of food throughout the year and reducing the dependence on imports.

Lesser Pressure on Groundwater

Zaid seasons crops need less water as compared to other crops. This reduces the pressure on groundwater resources. It is important as groundwater depletion is a big concern in India.

Improved Utilization of Resources

By using the available resources throughout the year, farmers can increase their overall agricultural productivity. It leads to better utilization of resources, which is vital for the development of the agriculture sector in India.

Extra Income

This season allows farmers to grow Zaid season crops during the off-season. It will enable them to increase their income. Since there is less competition during this season, farmers can earn more from their crops.


Zaid crop season provides employment opportunities for farmers and farm labourers. The cultivation of crops during this season leads to increased employment opportunities. It is highly essential for the rural economy.

Diversification of Crops

Zaid seasons crops do not need much water and can withstand high temperatures. It makes them suitable for this season. This leads to the diversification of crops and reduces the dependence on a few crops. It plays a vital role in facilitating sustainability in agriculture.

Crops Grown during Zaid Season

During the Zaid season, farmers in India grow a variety of crops. The Zaid season crops include:

  • Flowers: Zaid season is also suitable for cultivating ornamental flowers such as marigolds and sunflowers. These flowers have high demand in the market, particularly during festivals and special occasions.
  • Fruits: Various types of fruits are also cultivated during the Zaid season, including watermelon, muskmelon, papaya, pineapple, and banana. These fruits are rich in nutrients, have high market demand, and can be sold at a premium price.
  • Pulses: Some pulses, such as cowpea, black-eyed pea, and moong bean, are also cultivated during the Zaid season. These pulses are an excellent protein source and can help improve soil health.
  • Vegetables: A wide variety of vegetables are grown during the Zaid season, including cucumber, bottle gourd, bitter gourd, ridge gourd, pumpkin, ladyfinger, tomato, brinjal, chilli pepper, and sweet corn. These vegetables are high in nutrition and provide an additional source of income for farmers.

Contributing Factors to Zaid Season

The success of the Zaid season in India depends on various contributing factors. These factors play an essential role in determining the crop types that can be grown during this season and the total yield. Several factors contribute to the efficiency of the Zaid season in India. These include:

  • Irrigation: The availability of irrigation facilities is essential for the success of the Zaid season. Irrigation helps maintain the soil moisture levels required for crop growth.
  • Availability of Seeds: The availability of high-quality seeds determines the performance of this season. Farmers must have access to certified seeds suitable for the Zaid season crops.
  • Weather Conditions: High temperatures and dry weather are essential for the growth of Zaid seasons crops. Excessive rainfall during this period can cause damage to the crops.
  • Soil Quality: The soil quality must be suitable for crop growth. The soil should have good drainage and aeration capacity, which is essential for the healthy growth of crops. The soil in India is generally fertile and well-drained. This makes it ideal for growing crops during the Zaid season.
  • Farming Techniques: The farming techniques the farmers use also impact the performance of the Zaid season. Farmers must adopt modern farming techniques such as crop rotation, intercropping, and the use of organic fertilizers to improve the yield and quality of the crops.


Overall, the Zaid crops season allows farmers to diversify their cropping patterns, maximize agricultural productivity, and improve their income. The crops grown during the Zaid season are high in nutrition, have high market demand, and can help to promote sustainable agriculture practices.

Zaid season crops require less water and can withstand high temperatures, making them suitable for this season. Availability of irrigation facilities, suitable soil quality, favourable weather conditions, and availability of high-quality seeds are contributing factors to the performance of the Zaid crops season.

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