Top 10 Uses of Tractor in Agriculture in India

19 Apr 2023
Top 10 Uses of Tractor in Agriculture in India
A farmer needs to understand the top uses of tractors in agriculture in India to make the best out of the machine. Some of the key uses of a tractor in agriculture include cultivation, harvesting, plantation and ploughing.

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Agriculture is the main occupation of more than half of Indian population. Since the beginning of farm mechanization, tractors have played a vital role in the modernisation of Indian agriculture. They serve farmers in the best ways by performing challenging farm operations effortlessly and efficiently. There are several uses of tractor in agriculture, due to which Indian farmers widely prefer them.

A farmer needs to understand the diverse uses of tractors to make the best out of the machine. This article will show how a tractor is a profitable investment for farmers. We have listed the top ten uses of tractor in agriculture in India to help you make an informed decision about purchasing one.

What is a Tractor?

Before understanding the use of tractors in agriculture, one must know what a tractor is. It is a vehicle mainly designed to offer high torque at slow speeds for different agricultural activities. This farm vehicle delivers traction and power for mechanizing tasks like tilling. It helps in making farm chores and works faster and easier to finish. Also, the multiple uses of a tractor in agriculture make them an essential element in a farm setting.

Importance of Tractor in Agriculture in India

Tractors have become a necessity in the agricultural sector as they offer machine power to perform farm applications. Some of the key uses of a tractor in agriculture include cultivation, harvesting, plantation and ploughing. Manual labour on a large piece of land is exhausting, due to which it lacks precision. However, tractors complete tasks with accuracy improving the quality of the yield.

Farmers can use a range of tractor implements with tractors to make farm operations easy. They complete more work in a shorter period. With some models offering air conditioning systems, farming becomes comfortable for farmers. More importantly, these machines reduce production costs on farms. Along with different uses of tractor in agriculture, they reduce labour expenses and save time for completing other farm tasks.

Uses of Tractor in Agriculture in India

Tractors are modern machines used in agriculture. This is why farmers must have all the critical tractor information and details before buying any model. Tractors are used to save resources and time in addition to diverse uses of tractor in agriculture. Go through the following section to learn about the top 10 uses of tractor in agriculture in India.

Tractors for Ploughing

Tractors are used for ploughing, meaning turning over the soil to prepare it for planting. Ploughing helps loosen up the ground and allows plants to grow more efficiently. Ploughs can be attached directly to the tractor or pulled behind it in a trailer. Many different ploughs are available depending on what kind of job you need them for.

Disc harrows are used for breaking up clumps of dirt or loosening compacted soil before planting seeds or seedlings. On the other hand, rotary hoes have blades that rotate as they move forward through the ground. This action breaks up large clods while also aerating the soil so that water drains away from plant roots.

Tractors for Cultivation

One of the main uses of tractor in agriculture in India is cultivation. They help in growing crops with the help of harvesters, levellers, cultivators, tillers, rotavators, etc. Cultivation involves loosening or tilling the soil to make it ready for planting. Cultivators are farm implements attached to tractors for doing this work resourcefully.

Thus, a tractor functions to encourage crop growth, prevent weed development and maintain soil health. These machines not only uproot weeds but also break up the ground. Such uses of tractor in agriculture in India increase aeration to enhance crop growth. In simple terms, a tractor agriculture machine creates the ideal seedbed for different kinds of crops. The benefits of using tractors for cultivating include:

  • Tractors reduce soil compaction.
  • They can cultivate larger areas than other types of machinery.
  • They can cultivate harder soils more easily.

Tractors for Sowing

Sowing is the process used to plant seeds in the ground using sowing and planting implements. Tractors are used for sowing because they can carry larger amounts of seed and cover more ground than people can on foot. They are faster than hand-sowing, which means farmers can plant more crops in a shorter amount of time. They allow them to work on hillsides or uneven terrain where it would be difficult or impossible for workers to walk safely.

Row-crop planters drop seeds into rows as they move along a field, covering each row with a thin layer of soil. It is ideal when working with large areas because it does not leave gaps between plants that need weeding later. However, this technique requires careful planning in advance so that every row gets entirely covered before moving on to another one.

Tractors for Land Clearing

Farmers need tractors for land clearing to eliminate debris like vegetation, trees and boulders in the field. A front-end loader is used to clear small trees. Land clearing is a process wherein uncultivated land is cleared for the plantation process using land preparation implements. It is a valuable source to build firewood and timber for additional income. The process can take a few hours or multiple days, based on the size of the farm.

Some key brush-clearing attachments for tractors include a loader, grapple, rear blade, box blade and rotary cutter. One of the key uses of tractor in agriculture in India is to enhance land usability. A useless piece of land can be turned into a farm suitable for agricultural operations. In addition, when unwanted, overgrown or dead vegetation is cleared out, it promotes healthy levels of soil nutrients.

Tractors for Landscaping

Landscape gardening aims to beautify places along with other functional benefits. It uses landscaping implements to do this task. Landscaping gardening takes a new development area and shapes it with the help of natural elements like organic compost, shrubs, trees and plants to create a pleasing harmony. Tractors allow landscapers to work more with fewer resources, leading to higher profits.

Mini tractors are more suitable for this task as they are smaller than bulldozers and backhoes. Thus, a mini tractor agriculture machine is not only easy to use but also occupies less space. Farmers can easily fit different attachments like snow ploughs or lawnmowers with these tractors. Due to these attachments, a tractor is used for digging, lifting and transporting materials from one place to another.

Tractors for Livestock Management

Livestock management has become manageable and simple with the use of tractors. It becomes easy to feed livestock by transporting feeding material from storage to shelters. Farmers can use tractor-trailers to quickly move livestock to their shelters if the weather is harsh.

Tractors for Harvesting

Tractors are used for harvesting crops and other agricultural purposes. They can be used to harvest crops like wheat, corn, and soybeans. Harvesting is done using different types of harvester machines, such as combine harvesters that attach directly to tractors. These machines cut off crop heads at ground level before threshing them into bundles which are then collected into bins on the tractor or trailer truck, transporting them away from the farm site.

Tractors for Spraying

Spraying is one of the most common uses of tractors in agriculture. Sprayers allow farmers to apply pesticides and fertilizers over large areas quickly, efficiently and safely. Tractors can also be used for other types of spraying, such as spreading seed or animal feed on a field. Implements like boom sprayers and fertiliser broadcasters are attached to the tractors to perform this task.

Sprayers come in many different shapes and sizes; some are mounted on tractors, while others are pulled behind them. The type you choose will depend on the kind of job needed to be done. If it is just a small patch, something like an airblast sprayer might be best since they are easy to manoeuvre around corners without turning around your entire tractor every few feet.

Tractors for Mowing

Mowing makes the lawn attractive while helping in controlling weeds and improving growth. The implements attached to tractors for mowing includes forage mower and flail mower, among others. The benefits of using tractors for mowing include:

  • Farmers will spend less money on parts like blades, tires and rims when they use a tractor instead of another type of vehicle like an ATV or UTV (Utility Task Vehicle).
  • Farmers can cover more ground with each passing through the field. Bigger tyres help in achieving higher productivity.

Tractors for Transportation

Farmers use tractors to transport different kinds of materials on and off the field using different haulage implements such as tractor trailers. A tractor can be used with a trailer to move hay and straw. It can also transport grains from the field to a warehouse. Tractors come with large carrying capacity to carry huge loads. Implements like


Tractors are an essential part of agriculture. They are used to till the soil, plant seeds and fertilize crops. Tractors can also be used to transport loads from one place to another on a farm--for example, transporting hay bales from one field to another or transporting fertilizer from storage bins into fields where it will be applied. There are many different types of tractors available. Each type comes with its own set of pros and cons depending on what kind of work needs to be done around the farm.

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