Know Everything About Precision Farming in India

09 Aug 2023
Know Everything About Precision Farming in India
The adoption of technology in Indian agriculture is gradually increasing. One of the most important technological innovations in agriculture is precision farming. The precision agriculture in India encompasses the use of technology like remote sensing, GPS, and sensors to increase crop productivity and profitability.

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Precise agriculture means applying agricultural inputs precisely based on crops, weather, and soil conditions to enhance quality, productivity, and profitability. It makes use of data-driven techniques and technology to optimise agricultural practices.

Precision agriculture in India is gaining popularity because of the host of benefits it offers. It offers a promising solution to ensure optimal usage of resources. Read on to understand what precision farming is, its scope and its benefits for India.

What is Precision Farming?

Precision farming in agriculture uses advanced technologies like sensors, drones, and GPS to take informed decisions related to farming operations. It could mean obtaining and analysing data about crop growth, weather patterns and soil conditions to handle inputs like pesticides, fertilisers, and water precisely. It results in ideal resource allocation, minimum wastage, and more crop yield.

Scope of Precision Farming in India

The scope of precision farming in India is huge as farmers continue to face challenges like water scarcity, climate change and depleting soil health. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has come up with a Network Project on precision agriculture. 

Many private dairy farms are using an RFID-based animal identification and farm automation management system. Examples include:

  • Kopordern Farm (North Goa)
  • Lakshya Dairy (Haryana)
  • Sangamner Milk Union (Maharashtra)
  • Chitale Dairy (Pune)

The Government of India also supports precision agriculture through 22 Precision Farming Development Centres (PFDCs) across the country. Also, educational institutions and research organisations are conducting workshops and training programs to create awareness and provide technical expertise to farmers.

Components of Precision Farming

Components of precision farming

Several technologies are integral to precision farming. The key ones are:

  • GPS: Global Positioning System (GPS) provides accurate location information that helps map and monitor fields. Also, it can guide tractors during planting, spraying, and harvesting.
  • Sensors: Many agriculture sensors are available for different variables like weather, crop health and soil moisture. They collect real-time data on these variables to enable timely and targeted interventions.
  • Remote Sensing & GIS: Geographic Information System (GIS) and remote sensing help create digital maps of fields. It allows the identification of variations in vegetation, water and soil and monitors crop health.
  • Automated Machinery: Precision farming relies on smart machines equipped with automation technology to precisely perform tasks, such as seeding, fertilisation, and spraying, optimally.
  • Data Analytics: Data analytics tools access the vast amount of data collected from different sources. It provides valuable insights to make informed decisions and optimise resource allocation.

Advantages of Precision Farming

The objective of precision farming is to streamline farming operations and ensure maximum productivity. It offers numerous benefits to farmers. Some of the critical advantages of precision farming include:

Resource Efficiency

It is among the key benefits of precision farming. Accurate application of inputs like water and pesticides minimises wastage. Thus, it reduces the overall cost of farming operations. By using cutting-edge technologies, farmers can precisely apply inputs only where needed. 

This approach reduces the excessive use of water and fertilisers. It not only saves costs but also protects natural resources. The reduced need for farm inputs leads to lower production expenses, making farming more financially viable.

Real-Time Monitoring

Using sensors and data analytics enables real-time monitoring of crops and environmental conditions. Farmers can remotely access critical information about their fields. They can promptly detect pest infestations, water stress, or nutrient deficiencies. It allows for timely intervention and proactive measures to prevent potential crop losses.

Environmentally Sustainable

The efficient use of resources directly contributes to environmental sustainability. Reducing chemical usage and minimising runoff curtails pollution and protects surrounding ecosystems. This eco-friendly approach aligns agriculture with the broader goal of environmental conservation.

Increased Crop Yields

Among the most significant benefits of precision farming is its ability to increase crop yields. It allows the analysis of data from different sources. Thus, farmers can tweak their practices to meet the specific needs of each area in their fields. This optimised resource allocation ensures that crops receive the precise amount of inputs they require. It results in healthier and more abundant yields.

Adaptability to Climate Change

Climate change poses challenges like extreme weather events and shifting weather patterns. However, precision farming offers a road to adaptability. By utilising real-time data, farmers can respond quickly to changing conditions and develop strategies to cope with the impact of climate change.

Data-Driven Decision Making

Data is one of the key elements of precision farming. Farmers get valuable insights that influence their decision-making processes by collecting and analysing vast amounts of information. Data-driven decision-making leads to informed choices and greater precision in all farming operations.

Site-Specific Management

Every part of a field has unique characteristics. Precision agriculture recognises this diversity through site-specific management. Farmers can customise practices as per the specific conditions of each area. It will maximise productivity and ensure the best possible outcomes for different crops.

Challenges and Future of Precision Farming in India

Precision farming offers immense potential for Indian agriculture. However, some challenges need to be addressed. These challenges include the initial investment costs, lack of awareness and technical training among farmers, and the need for internet connectivity in rural areas.

However, the adoption of digital technologies and government initiatives promoting smart farming practices is on the rise. Precision agriculture is expected to have a promising future in India.

Integrating technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) in precision farming holds great potential for further optimisation and automation of farming processes.


There is no doubt that precision farming is the future of agriculture in India. It promises a sustainable and efficient way to feed the growing population while preserving natural resources. This approach can transform traditional farming practices. It paves the way for a more prosperous and eco-friendly farming sector. 

As precision agriculture continues to evolve, Indian farmers are embracing this technological revolution to enhance their productivity and contribute to the nation's agricultural growth.

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